Imad al-din Khalil - Studies and Sources on the History of Science, 9. Isbn Islamic Philosophy a-Z. Peter S.
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Sign in to use this feature. This article has no associated abstract. Imam Zarkashi d. Despite its short lifetime, the Muslim community continues to grow and develop with regard to its intellectual capabilities and knowledge is not permitted to be concealed.
Islamic Methodology History
If writing books were abandoned, knowledge would be lost for people. As for time, it encompasses 14 centuries of history. As for place, minds from all across the world have undertaken work in Islamic Studies. As for topic, many fields of study have been produced on the vast subject of Islam and they continue to develop and grow.
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Haji Khalifah d. If we take the Quranic sciences alone as an example, we find that it comprises 80 fields, according to what Suyuti d. If we consider exegesis alone, and examine its various kinds, we find that it comprises approximately 10 branches, under each of which there have been a multitude of works produced. The kinds include: 1. Exegesis written by scholars of hadith and transmitted reports.
Exegesis written by scholars of theology and creed. Exegesis written by jurists and scholars of legal theory.
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Exegesis written by grammarians and linguists. Exegesis written by literati and rhetoricians. Exegesis by scholars of the art of recitation. Exegesis written by Sufis and ascetics.
The Research Methodology in Traditional Islamic Scholarship
Exegesis written by historians and storytellers. Exegesis written by social reformers.
Exegesis written by scientists in various fields. Exegesis that combine two or more kinds mentioned above. As for the sciences of the Sunna Prophetic tradition , it consists of more than 90 fields, for instance law and its sources, the history of Islamic law, principles of faith, the study of sects and schools of thought, Prophetic biography, Islamic history, and Arabic language studies. All this, and others, explain the wide scope of the field of Islamic studies with regard to time, place and subject.
However, these sciences focus on the Quran and the Sunna and all such studies exist for the serve these two foundational sources and focus on them. The Aims and Objective of Writing in Islamic Studies For any research in a field of Islamic studies or any other field of study, there must be an objective and a goal that one seeks to achieve. The scholars have set out 7 points regarding writing, which Ibn Hazm d. They are seven: 1. Elucidation and expositions that can take different ways and forms: Deriving knowledge of the subject; setting out the chapters and sections of the science; apprehending the problems of the science or deriving them.
There are problems dealt with by an adept scholar who conveys it to others so that it is spread. He preserves his knowledge by writing books so that his successors could benefit from it, as was the case with the principles of jurisprudence. Then the Hanafis came along and derived problems concerning analogical reasoning qiyas and exhausted the question and those who came after benefited from it.
To come across the positions of the predecessors and their works and find them difficult to access and God provides understanding of them. Thus one is keen to expound that to others so that what is inaccessible is made accessible to those deserving of it.
This is the approach of elucidating knowledge in both rational and transmitted sciences and it is a noble distinction. For a successor to come across an error or mistake in the words of a predecessor, who is well-known for his virtue. One should ensure that it is a mistake by means of a clear proof that does not allow for any doubt.
So one should produce such a book so that this is clarified to others. For a certain field or science to be missing a problem or section, according to how its subject matter is divided. So one who grasps this should aim to complete what is missing regarding those problems so complete the science and no deficiencies are left. For the problems of a science to be arranged or organized incorrectly. One who recognizes this should aim to organize it correctly and arrange all the problems in the suitable chapter. The problems are many that are dealt with in the chapters of law and many were placed in chapter that is not suitable.
So Ibn Abi Zayd d.
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For the problems of a science to be dispersed in other sciences, so some learned person pays attention to the subject of the science and bring together its problems. By this he brings out a field that he organizes amongst the other sciences that people adopt, as was the case with rhetoric and Abd al-Qahir al-Jurjani d.
For a work that falls within the core sciences and is comprehensive to be lengthy and details, so one aims to author a work that extracts from it by summarizing and avoiding repetition, while being cautious of excising what is necessary so that one does not contravene the aim of the first author. What is done for other than these is not needed. Imam Abu Bakr ibn al-Arabi d.
Whatever is not included in these two aspects is simply putting ink on paper and adorning pages by plagiarism. The one who conducts research in Islamic studies, whatever his specialization, must do two things: a. This is the minimal requirement, as mentioned in the Prophetic report: " This knowledge will be carried by the trustworthy ones in every time, they purge from it the distortions of the extremists and the interpretations of those who see to make the Book of Allaah false and the interpretations of the ignorant " To the extent that the student is grounded in the fundamentals he will come close to the truth and what is correct.
To be well grounded in the field that one is concerned with, like exegesis, hadith, law, legal theory, creed, and so on. Whoever is not grounded in his area of specialization, and does not have firm knowledge of the area in which he is writing, how will he contribute? What will be revised? And what will be understood on so as to be commented on? Knowledge of the technical terms of a certain field is a part of being well grounded in it, and knowing their meanings with precision, since every science has its own terminology. Sometimes there is overlap between the terminologies of two or more different areas of study.
So it is necessary for one to recognize the special usages and to master their application in expressions and in eloquence.